In the New Testament, Christians are called to hope, to hope in seeing God face-to-face in the resurrection. But what about the Old Testament? Did it have a meaningful vision of the afterlife?
Fleming Rutledge answers in the negative. She writes, “There is no meaningful life after death in the Old Testament world” (Rutledge, 2015: 399). She continues to explain that the Israelites were “to relinquish any hope for meaningful individual survival after death. Insubstantial nonexistence in Sheol was the destiny of all” (p. 399).