In the Old Testament, God brought curses upon Israel for their sin. But in the New Covenant, Christ became the curse of the law for us. With that said, how exactly does God’s justice work out across the two Testaments? To answer this question, consider the following Q&A or catechetical style of instruction. [Read more…] about How Does God’s Justice Work Out in the Old and New Testaments?
When Augustine wrote his manual on biblical interpretation, he observed that reality is made up of signs and things. Here’s an illustration to explain what he meant. A wedding ring signifies a promise of marital union. So a wedding ring is a sign. Yet it also a ring, which means that a wedding ring both signifies and is a thing. While such a distinction might seem pedantic or obtuse, it provides easy categories to explain why I am suggesting that we sometimes misunderstand the Bible’s meaning.
To understand the importance of signs and things, we first need turn to the Bible to see how it talks about heaven and earth and the Bible. [Read more…] about How to Read the Bible to Know What It Means by What It Says
Biblical authors are theologians. They sought to know God and to make his will known. Their words are not only artifacts of historically-conditioned ancient peoples. They are also words from those who ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink as we do, namely, Christ (1 Cor 10). And from God’s revelatory word, they by the Spirit sought God and spoke on behalf of God. As David says, “The Spirit of the LORD speaks by me” (2 Sam 23:2). [Read more…] about Moses, The Trinitarian Theologian
On the night of his betrayal, Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper. Jesus gave the bread and cup to his disciples so that they could remember Jesus because he was about to leave the world. Jesus explains, “do this in remembrance of me” (Luke 22:19). So during the Last Supper, the Lord’s Supper became one of two institutions that Christ left the church. Given the importance of this meal, we need to turn to the Bible to learn what it says about the Lord’s Supper. Here’s an attempt to do just that by starting with the Gospels. [Read more…] about What Do The Gospels Teach about the Lord’s Supper?
The three synoptic Gospels record Jesus’ institution of the Lord’s Supper (Mark 14:22–25; Luke 22:14–23; Matthew 26:26–30). They underscore the obvious import of the institution. Yet curiously John’s Gospel does not. Why is this?
The answer is that John’s Gospel shows how Christ can both be absent from the disciples and abide among them. Put simply, John answers the question, “How can Christ be among us after he ascends to heaven?” [Read more…] about Why John’s Gospel Doesn’t Record Jesus’ Institution of the Lord’s Supper
Most of us understand 2 Corinthians 8–9 to be a passage on giving. And it certainly speaks to the need to give. Yet Paul asks the Corinthians to give because they share in the grace of koinonia with the church of Jerusalem through the Gospel. Put into contemporary terms, local churches must cooperate with other local churches because they share in the grace of fellowship. This is Paul’s argument. [Read more…] about The Most Underused Passage on Church Unity in the Bible